MBE Components, High Temperature Effusion Cell HTEZ


High Temperature Effusion Cell


HTEZ 40-10-32
HTEZ 40-10-32 High Temperature Effusion Cell on DN40CF (O.D.2.75") flange, with 10 cm³ BeO crucible
  • Compatible with most MBE systems

  • Various crucible sizes and materials;
    crucible capacities 1.5, 10, and 35 cm³

  • Self-supporting tungsten wire heater

  • Clean operation in UHV up to 1900°C

  • High reliability and long lifetime

  • Cell option with integrated cooling shroud and shutter

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The High Temperature Effusion Cell HTEZ is designed for clean UHV operation up to 1900°C. This is accomplished by a self-supporting tungsten filament, whose schematic drawing is pictured on the right, showing the main parts of the HTEZ heating system.
Equipped with a free-standing filament of thick tungsten wire, the top model HTEZ-W is capable of reaching even 2000°C.

In contrast to the HTS sources, HTEZ cells predominantly heat the crucible from the side. The deep crucible design allows operation in angled port positions, combining large capacity with high temperature operation.

Like in the standard WEZ heating system, only selected refractory metals are used in the hot zone. On account of the elevated operating temperatures, the filaments are made of tungsten, with best possible avoidance of contact between filament and insulation parts. Insulating PBN ceramic parts are fully shielded by tantalum plates to prevent outgassing during operation.
The HTEZ-W works completely without any additional ceramic insulation.

HTEZ cells are highly efficient, enable a very reproducible temperature measurement and allow precise adjustment as the thermocouple measuring point is close to the crucible.
Well-designed tungsten filaments have proved to be very stable, thus safeguarding a long lifetime even when working on the upper limit of the cells.

HTEZ wire heater

Main parts of the HTEZ schematic


The HTEZ design allows mounting ceramic crucibles (e.g. PBN, BeO, etc.) directly into the cell without an outer metal crucible. In this way a higher temperature of the evaporation material in the crucible can be achieved.

The small HTEZ model with 1.5 cm³ crucible is by default mounted in a cooling shroud (with shutter option) on a DN40CF (O.D.2.75") flange, having a maximum outer in-vacuum diameter of 36 mm.

Separate cooling shrouds are recommended for larger HTEZ cells to avoid overheating of stainless steel parts within the UHV chamber during operation. Some of the larger cells can be delivered with an integral shutter on the cell flange.

HTEZ 40-1-19-KS

HTEZ 40-1-20-KS, pictured with suitable crucibles from different materials



The HTEZ is designed for evaporation or sublimation of low vapor pressure elements and compounds at temperatures up to 1900°C, e.g. for materials like Fe, Cr, Ni, Co, Au, Ge etc. Typical applications are surface science analysis or thin film deposition of magnetic or oxide layers.

The maximum operating temperature of the HTEZ may be limited by the crucible choice, e.g. to 1600°C with PBN. Furthermore, possible reactions of evaporants with the crucible material should be taken into account, which may also reduce the maximum advisable temperature.

Please refer to the Selection Guide for material data and decision-making advice.


Technical data

Filament type self-supporting tungsten filament
Thermocouple W5%Re/W26%Re (type C)
Operating temperature max. 1900°C, depending on crucible material and filament design
Outgassing temperature max. 1900°C, depending on crucible material
Bakeout temperature 250°C
Cooling integrated water cooling or separate cooling shroud
Crucibles 1.5, 10, or 35 cm³; Al2O3, BeO, Ta, W crucibles (other materials on request)  
Options integrated water cooling (K), integrated rotary shutter (S)



Standard crucible sizes are 1.5, 10 and 35 cm³ (other shapes and dimensions available upon request).
Different crucible materials such as Al2O3, BeO, Ta, W, pyrolytic graphite (PG) and pyrolytic boron nitride (PBN) can be applied. For detailed information on crucibles see Crucibles.

The second number of the product code is the nominal crucible capacity [in cm³]; the third number indicates the lip diameter of the crucible. Please specify crucible material upon ordering, or inquire for our recommendation.

HTEZ crucibles
Different ceramic and metal 1.5 and 10 cm³ crucibles for HTEZ



Schematic drawing HTEZ Schematic drawing of the High Temperature Effusion Cell HTEZ

(drawing shows
HTEZ 40-10-32)


Specific data

For general information on CF mounting flanges see Flange and Gasket dimensions.


[cm³] [mm] [mm] / [mm] [W] / [A] Product code Product code
HTEZ 40 - 1 - 20 - S - B - LxxxD34 245 / 13 PS 40-19 BeO 1-20
HTEZ 40 - 1 - 20 - K S - B - LxxxD36 245 / 13 PS 40-19 BeO 1-20
HTEZ 40 - 10 - 32 - S - B - LxxxD36 625 / 13 PS 80-19 BeO 10-32
HTEZ 63 - 10 - 32 - K S - B - LxxxD57 625 / 13 PS 80-19 Ta 10-32
HTEZ 63 - 35 - 37 - S - A - LxxxD56 1075 / 16 PS 80-19 Al2O3 35-37
HTEZ 63 - 35 - 54 - S - A - LxxxD56 1075 / 16 PS 80-19 Al2O3 C35-54
HTEZ 100 - 82 - 71 - K P - LxxxD95 1360 / 17 PS 100-24 PBN C82-71


* rotary shutter possible on same flange
** no standard, inquire for your particular solution
*** specify UHV length L with order


Product code:

e.g. HTEZ 40-10-32-A-L287D36

is a high temperature effusion cell on DN40 CF-flange for a 10 cm³ crucible (lip Ø 32mm), Al2O3 crucible, in-vacuum length 287mm and diameter 36mm.


Related products

The following list provides suggestions for related products. For additional product suggestions or more detailed information, please contact us.


Standard Effusion Cell WEZ Production Effusion Cell PEZ High Temperature Effusion Cell HTEZ-W
Standard Effusion Cell
Production Effusion Cell
High Temperature Effusion Cell


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