Glossary
Glossary
Unlike normal interband semiconductor lasers, QCLs are unipolar and laser emission is achieved through the use of intersubband transitions in a repeated stack of semiconductor multiple quantum well heterostructures. Quantum cascade lasers emit light in the mid- to far-infrared electromagnetic spectrum.
In the QCL, once an electron has undergone an intersubband transition and emitted a photon in one period of the superlattice, it can tunnel into the next period where another photon can be emitted. This process of a single electron causing the emission of multiple photons as it traverses through the QCL structure gives rise to the name cascade.
 
 
 
 

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