Selection, Material, Source, Temperature, Vapor Pressure, Element, Melting Point

Material / Source Selection Table

Temperature at Vapor Pressure



Symbol

Element

Melting Point

10-2 Torr

10-4 Torr

10-6 Torr

10-8 Torr

Recommended Cell

Ag Silver 962 1027 832 685 574 WEZ, PEZ
Al Aluminium 660 1217 972 812 685 WEZ, PEZ
As Arsenic 817 277 204 150 104 NTEZ, VACS, DECO-D
Au Gold 1064 1397 1132 947 807 WEZ, PEZ HTEZ, EBV
B Boron 2080 2027 1707 1467 1282 HTS, EBV
Ba Barium 725 610 462 354 272 NTEZ
Be Beryllium 1280 1227 997 832 707 WEZ, PEZ
Bi Bismuth 271 672 517 409 347 NTEZ
C Carbon 3550 2457 2137 1867 1657 SUKO, EBV
Ca Calcium 839 597 459 357 282 NTEZ
Cd Cadmium 321 265 177 119 74 NTEZ
Co Cobalt 1495 1517 1257 1067 922 HTEZ, EBV
Cr Chromium 1857 1397 1157 977 837 HTEZ, EBV
Cu Copper 1083 1257 1027 852 722 WEZ, PEZ, HTEZ
Dy Dysprosium 1409 1117 897 747 625 WEZ, PEZ
Er Erbium 1529 1177 947 777 649 WEZ, PEZ
Eu Europium 822 611 466 361 283 NTEZ
Fe Iron 1535 1477 1227 1032 892 WEZ,HTEZ
Ga Gallium 30 1132 907 742 619 WEZ
Ge Germanium 937 1397 1137 947 812 WEZ, HTS
Hg Mercury -39 46 7 -44 -72 HGS  
In Indium 157 947 742 597 488 WEZ, PEZ
K Potassium 63 208 123 65 21 NTEZ
La Lanthanum 920 1727 1422 1192 1022 HTEZ, HTS, EBV
Li Lithium 181 537 404 306 235 NTEZ
Mg Magnesium 649 439 327 246 185 NTEZ
Mn Manganese 1244 937 747 611 505 WEZ, PEZ, NTEZ
Mo Molybdenum 2610 2527 2117 1822 1592 EBV
Na Sodium 98 289 193 123 74 NTEZ
Nb Niobium 2468 2657 2277 1987 1762 EBV
Ni Nickel 1453 1527 1262 1072 927 HTEZ, EBV
P Phosphorus 44 185 129 88 54 DECO-D
Pb Lead 328 715 547 429 342 NTEZ
Pd Palladium 1554 1462 1192 992 842 HTEZ, HTS, EBV
Pt Platinum 1772 2097 1747 1492 1292 HTEZ, HTS, EBV
Re Rhenium 3180 3067 2587 2217 1947 EBV
Rh Rhodium 1966 2037 1707 1472 1277 EBV
S Sulfur 113 109 55 17 -10 VCS  
Sb Antimony 631 533 425 345 279 DECO-D, NTEZ
Sc Scandium 1541 1377 1107 917 772 WEZ, PEZ, HTEZ
Se Selenium 217 243 164 107 63 NTEZ
Si Silicon 1410 1632 1337 1147 992 SUSI, WEZ, EBV
Sn Tin 232 1247 997 807 682 WEZ, PEZ
Sr Strontium 769 537 394 309 241 NTEZ
Ta Tantalum 2996 3057 2587 2237 1957 EBV
Te Tellurium 450 374 280 209 155 NTEZ
Ti Titanium 1660 1737 1442 1227 1062 HTEZ, HTS, EBV
Tl Thallium 304 609 463 359 283 NTEZ
W Tungsten 3410 3227 2757 2407 2117 EBV
Y Yttrium 1523 1632 1332 1117 957 HTEZ, HTS, EBV
Yb Ytterbium 819 557 417 317 247 NTEZ
Zn Zinc 420 344 247 177 123 NTEZ
 
 
 

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